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Coronavirus (synonyms: COVID – 19; Wuhan flu)

As we all know, the Coronavirus disease (synonyms: COVID – 19; Wuhan flu) originated in the city of Wuhan, China. So far there are over 90000 confirmed cases around the world, with over 3000 deaths so far. The disease is already present on all continents except Antarctica.

In the United States alone, there are already 6 confirmed deaths related directly to the Corona virus disease. The states with confirmed cases of Coronavirus are: Washington state, California, Oregon and Florida. There are no confirmed reports of Corona virus cases in North Carolina yet.

Prevention of Corona virus disease through immunization – there are no developed vaccines that are confirmed to prevent the Corona virus disease. There is one vaccine against the Corona virus disease that has already been developed, however it is just about to enter its testing stage on humans, therefore it is not yet available to be distributed for the general population or health care institutions. The first vials have been sent to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, which will ready the vaccine for human testing as early as April.

Transmission of the disease: according to the latest updates - the Coronavirus disease is transmitted via:

1. droplets, mainly during coughing or sneezing, and,

2. contact, (touching).

As of March 2nd, 2020, there is no evidence that the virus is transmitted via airborne transmission (aerosol size particles).

Incubation period:the incubation period for the Coronavirus disease (the time between exposure and first symptoms of the disease) : from 5 to 14 days, however latest studies suggest up to 27 days, meaning that someone may have the disease for up to 27 days before the first symptoms appear.

Symptoms of COVID-19: